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A BRONZE 'TAOTIE MASKS' ARROW VASE, TOUHU 12th-13th century
香港
05月29日 下午2点 开拍
拍品描述 翻译
12th-13th century
Sturdily cast with a compressed globular body rising from a spreading pedestal foot surmounted by a tall cylindrical neck flanked by a pair of tubular handles, the body interrupted by four protruding flanges, each side decorated in low relief with a taotie mask, the foot decorated with tumbling sea waves, the neck decorated with two bands of kui-dragon between a band of diaper-ground and a band of key-fret pattern, the handles and mouth similarly decorated with taotie masks, the surface of a warm and brownish patina. 44.4cm (17 1/2in) high, 4.8kg. 十二至十三世紀 銅仿古蟠夔紋雙貫耳投壺

The archaistic scrolls seen on the present vase's neck relate to the revival of archaism during the late Northern Song and Southern Song dynasties, which were influenced by the pankui wen (kui dragon scrolls) from the archaic bronzes of the Eastern Zhou dynasty. Bogutu or Xuanhe Bogutu, the illustrated catalogue of archaic bronzes collected by the court of Norther Song dynasty, was first published in the fifth year of Yuanhe reign (1123), and republished in various editions in the Southern Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. Compare the pankui wen with those decorated on a bronze ding in the Zhida chongxiu xuanhe bogu tulu (Xuanhe bogu tulu republished in the Zhida reign), in the National Palace Museum, Zhida period (1308-1311), vol.5, p.37. Compare also with the same vessel in a later edition of Xuanhe bogu tulu, republished in the sixteenth year of Wanli reign (1588) , in National archives, Japan, vol.5, p.22.

Compare a bronze square vessel decorated with similar bands of stylised achaistic scrolls, Southern Song dynasty, excavated from the tomb of Huang Shi, Zhejiang, illustrated by Y.W.Hu, 'Artifacts of the Junzi : A Study on the Archaistic Dui Vessels Unearthed from the Burial Site of the Lu Family in Lantian, Shaanxi Province', Yishu Xue Yanjiu (Journal of Art Studies), 2020, vol.5, p.75, pl.11-b. Compare also the band with a silver incense burner excavated in Zhejiang, which is illustrated in Zhejiang Provincial Museum, Zhongxing jisheng (The Achievements of Southern Song Dynasty), Beijing, 2015, p.175.

Compare with a thrid bronze vase decorated with similar scrolls, Yuan dynasty, excavated in the Zhenhai Pagoda, Haiyan, illustrated by L.Li, 'Zhenhai Pagoda at Haiyan and Unearthed Antiquities', Cultural Relics of the East, December 2002, p.37, pl.37. See also the archaistic scrolls around the body and the neck of two bronze vases, 12th-14th century, illustrated by R.Kerr, Later Chinese Bronzes, London, 1990, p.47, figs.35 and 36. See also the related archaistic scroll designs on a band of two bronze vases, 13th century and 14th century, illustrated by D.Failla, Food for the Ancestors Flowers for the Gods, Genova, 2017 , pp.130, 131 and 136, pls.7.3, 7.4 and 7.10.

According to scholarly research, the earliest dated example decorated with the angular leiwen pattern is a tripod vessel, dated fifth year of Chunxi (1178) in the Southern Song dynasty, excavated from a tomb in Wenzhou, which can be considered a prototype of the angular leiwen pattern on the present vase. The latest is an artifact excavated from a shipwreck off the coast of Sinan, South Korea, datable to 1323. For a discussion about this pattern, see Wang Mu, 'Zhongguo Nanfang Diqu Song Yuan Shiqi De Fanggu Qingtongqi' (The Archaistic Bronzes Excavated in Southern China), Cultural Relics in Southern China, 2011, pp.147-148, no.3.

壺頸粗闊,口沿兩側鑄貫耳,口沿及貫耳飾獸面紋,雷紋為地,頸分四層紋飾,第二層及底層飾仿古蟠夔紋,第一層飾回紋,第三層飾菱形雲雷紋,肩部靠頸處飾同樣紋飾一周,扁圓鼓腹,出四戟,腹部每面飾饕餮紋,圈足束腰飾水波紋,足圈兩層光素。

此壺體型敦厚莊重,紋飾取法東周銅器,尤以蟠夔紋為典型,為南宋復古仿古標誌性紋飾。此類蟠夔紋取本宋代金石圖錄著錄之周代銅器紋飾。可參考元代至大(1308-1311)年間重修之《宣和博古圖錄》中著錄之漢三犧鼎所飾蟠夔紋,見《至大重修宣和博古圖錄》,國立故宮博物院藏,卷5,頁37。此書翻刻眾多,類似例子亦見於明代萬曆年間泊如齋重修宋代《宣和博古圖錄》中數器之蟠夔紋,見《泊如齋重修宣和博古圖》,萬曆十六年(1588),卷5,頁22。

可比較浙江南宋黃石墓出土之銅鈁所飾蟠夔紋,見胡譯文撰,《君子之器—陝西藍田呂氏家族墓出土仿古敦研究》,載於《藝術學研究》,2020年05期,頁75,圖11下。亦可參考浙江義烏出土一件南宋銀樽式爐之紋飾,見浙江省博物馆編,《中興紀勝: 南宋風物觀止》,北京,2015年,頁175。此類蟠夔紋一直流行至元代,如海鹽鎮海塔地宮出土元代銅貫耳壺,其腹部主體紋飾亦是此類蟠夔紋,見李林撰,《海鹽鎮海塔及出土文物》,載於《東方博物》,2009年12月,頁37,圖37;亦可參考英國維多利亞及亞伯特博物館藏兩件十二至十四世紀銅壺腰身所飾蟠夔紋,見蘇玫瑰,《Later Chinese Bronzes》,倫敦,1990年,頁46,圖35,36。此類紋飾還見於意大利熱那亞國立愛德華多·基歐索尼東方藝術博物館所藏三件元代銅壺,俱飾類似饕餮紋及蟠夔紋,見《Food for the Ancestors Flowers for the Gods》,熱那亞,2017年,頁130,131及136,圖版7.3,7.4及7.10。

此器所飾菱形雲雷紋,據學者研究,有紀年的出土實物,最早為温州南宋淳熙五年(1178 年)墓葬出土的鼎式爐,可以認為是菱形雲雷紋雛形,最晚則為1324年新安沉船出土器物,相關討論參見王牧撰《中國南方地區宋元時期的仿古青銅器》,載於《南方文物》 2011 年第 3 期, 頁147-148。

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